Information and Useful Recommendations
This section has been designed specifically to inform you and give you some useful recommendations in order to help and to reduce post-traumatic stress effects if you have lived a traumatic event.
Why are you Affected When a Crisis Occurs?
Everyone living an accident or a tragic event feels intense and strong emotions. This abnormal and unusual situation is a threat, a danger for you and others.
You can experience various feelings and reactions that need to be taken seriously. Do not try to minimize what you have lived or felt.
The Post-traumatic Stress State
It is a set of reactions that someone can develop after having lived an event that lead to death or serious injuries. People often feel great fear, horror, and a feeling of powerlessness.
Someone living such an event can also have an important guilt feeling because:
- He has survived
- He did not manage to save others
- He did not react as he wanted
- He lacked in awareness
Those reactions are normal because you lived an abnormal and unusual situation. The most important thing right now is taking care of you.
Post-traumatic Stress Symptoms
People exposed to a traumatic event can feel those different symptoms :
- Repetitive and invading memories with images, sounds, and perceptions that provoke stress;
- Repetitive and invading dreams that provoke powerlessness and helplessness;
- An impression like if the traumatic event will be repeated;
- A lasting feeling with everything linked with the event;
- Confusion and disorganization
- Avoidance of everything linked with the event;
- Reactivation of an old traumatism because of a similar event.
Our Reactions :
A traumatic event can provoke various reactions :
- Fear, stress, terror
- Sadness, anxiety
- Fretfulness, anger
- Guilt, vulnerability
- Restlessness, hyperactivity
- Non-stop talking
- Anger excesses
- Eat or sleep problems
- Use and increased use of tobacco, drugs, or alcohol
- Muscle tension or pain
- Sweat, hot flashes, cold shivers
- Increase of arterial pressure
- Issues with the digestive system
- Difficulties to fall or stay asleep
How Reduce these Stress Reactions?
Stress reactions following a tragic event are usually temporary. They gradually weaken and then disappear. They can last few hours, few days, and sometime few weeks. If after one month those reactions are still as strong and powerful, it is important to consult a specialist.
How can I Help Myself?
You can help reduce those reactions by:
- Express to colleagues or family what you feel or felt;
- Avoid being alone;
- Accept the emotions and reactions you lived;
- Try to relax;
- Try to distract yourself;
- Do what you love to do;
- Avoid supplementary stress whenever possible;
- Avoid drinking to excess or use drugs that can increase your symptoms;
- Give yourself time to recover;
- Consult your Employee Assistance Program